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Title Origins of the name van Beethoven

Where does the name van Beethoven come from?
Beeth means 'beetroot' and Hoven is the plural of 'Hof', meaning 'farm'. Beethoven is therefore 'beetroot farms'.
There is a village named Betthoven in the province of Liège.

In the 15th century, there were Beethovens at Limbourg and at Liège.
In the 16th, in many of the Brabant villages: Leefdael, Rotselaer, Bertem, Haecht, Neder Ockerzeel...
Then these families moved to towns: Malines, Louvain, Anvers.

It was at the end of the 17th and beginning of the 18th centuries that Corneille and his sister Maria arrived at Malines. He was originally from Bertem, his father from Boortmeerbeek and his ancestors from Kampenhout.
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Title Cornelius (Corneille) van Beethoven

Malines...The first mention of Cornelius, or Corneille, in the resgisters of Malines dates from August 30th 1671, on the occasion of the marraige of his sister Marie. He lived at 7 rue des Pierres, in a house called Little Windmill.

He was probably a carpenter or joiner.

Corneille married Catherine van LEEMPOEL at Malines on February 12th 1673.

Corneille van Beethoven was buried in the parish of Notre Dame on March 29th 1716. He was given a middle class funeral and his courtège was escorted down la rue des Pierres by the carpenters guild.

Signature of Corneille van Beethoven - 1700...

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Title Michael (Michel) van Beethoven

Malines...Michel was born on February 15th 1684, and his godmother was Elisabeth van Leempoel. He lived in the house in rue des Pierres.

In 1700, he was apprentice baker, and became Head Baker on October 5th 1707.

He maried Maria Ludovica STUYCKERS on October 8th 1707. They moved into a house called The Speckled Bullok. They left in 1711 to live in the Rue des pierres after the death of his father.

Michel was therefore a baker, but equally participated in the buying and selling of paintings. Perhaps he could have been a bric-a-brac trader? Around 1720, he worked in the Malines lace trade, particularly reputable for his luxurious items. It would seem that his trade thrived because, in 1727, the Beethoven couple possessed four houses in the rue des Juifs, plus other residences which each had inherited from their parents.

Bonn...Despite all, the family took out several loans, the assets of their houses being hypothetical. Michel was often away, perhaps for his work ? This was also a difficult period for trade in general. In any case, around 1740 and overall in 1741, the sums demanded of him were exorbitant.

He therefore left Malines probably in March 1741, for Bonn where two of his sons lived. His creditors couldn't follow him that far... He owed them about 10.000 florins. To put this in perspective, at this time the rent per year for a respectable house was around 50 florins !

Signature of Michael van Beethoven and Maria Stuyckers - 1741...

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Title Ludwig (Louis) van Beethoven

Louis was born on January 5th 1712 at Malines. His godfather was Louis Stuyckers, his maternal grandfather, and his godmother Elisabeth van Leempoel, his great aunt.

He became a choir boy and then entered the choral school of Saint-Rombaut on December 10th 1717. He was taught by Charles Major, an excellent musician, a demanding teacher and a scholar (at his death he possessed 9 430 works!). After singing, Louis probably learn to play the organ, taught by the organist Antoine Colfs. He showed a strong disposition for music, and indeed his family and he himself thought it would become his profession.

Malines...
But at Malines, there were few possibilities to make it in life with music. However, the young Louis applied for a job as tenor to the church college of Saint-Pierre, at Louvain, where there was a spare place for a limited period. Not only was he accepted, but the master of the chapel, a certain Louis Colfs (it's not unlikely that he was of the same family as the organist at Malines) proposed to place him as conductor. His knowledge of music and his aquaintences therefore became particularly exceptional. His candidature finished on November 9th 1731. Löwen - Louvain...
In February 1732, Louis left Louvain for Saint-Lambert Cathedral, at Liège, where he sang bass from September 1732 until he departed for Bonn, in March 1733. Liège...

The Elector Prince of Cologne (Köln), whose court was at Bonn, was archbishop of Cologne but also bishop of Liège.It is therefore probable that he viewed Louis' qualities as valuable, and that this was what led to him having the chance to sing for the court chapel at Bonn. There he refound a fellow country-man with whom he had sung at Liège: van den Aeden.

Louis married soon after his arrival in Bonn, to Marie-Joseph POLL, on September 17th 1733. Their witnesses were musicians: The organist Gilles van den Aeden and Jean-Paul Riechler.

Despite this post, he took up wine trading to increse his revenues.

He became Kapellmeister by decree on July 16th 1761. He wrote numerous works for theatre and opera.

Louis died on December 24th 1773. He had lived at Bonn for 40 years.

Bonn...

Corneille, Louis's brother was a candle merchant and wax-worker at Bonn where he established himself around 1731. He was the official supplier to the court. He married Hélène de la PORTE on February 20th 1734. His name was inscribed on the list of the bourgois at Bonn on January 17th 1738. He died in 1764, and his wife in 1765.

Signature of Ludwig van Beethoven - 1768...

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Title Johann (Jean) van Beethoven

Bonn...Johann was born in March 1740 at Bonn, and was probably baptised at the court chapel at Bonn. He was to be the father of Beethoven the composer.

As a youngster he followed lessons at the Jesuite College. Then he became treble at the court chapel, at the age of twelve. Following this, Johann became musician at the court.

He married Maria Magdalena KEVERICH on November 12th 1767 at the church of Saint Rémy at Bonn against the wishes of his father. The couple moved into 515 Bonngasse.

Johann gave music lessons, usually teaching singing and violin. But drink was the first passion and the first poison of the musician.

By 1784, his voice was completely ruined. He died miserably on December 18th 1792.

Signature of Johann van Beethoven - 1785...

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Title The Migration of the van Beethoven family
The Beethoven family, from Malines to Bonn...

Louis, Ludwig's grandfather, is at the heart of the migration of the van Beethoven family.

In 1731, he left Malines for Louvain. In 1733 he moved to Bonn after a stay of several months at Liège at the end of 1732.

Next he was joined by his brother Corneille, and then by his parents who were fleeing bankruptcy.

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Many thanks to Hannah SALTER for her translation of this page from French into English
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